Breaking the link between food and biofuels

by Bruce A. Babcock

Publisher: Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 741
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Subjects:

  • Biomass energy -- Economic aspects,
  • Food supply,
  • Food prices

About the Edition

Production of biofuels from feedstocks that are diverted from food production or that are grown on land that could grow crops has two important drawbacks: higher food prices and decreased reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. If U.S. policy were to change and place greater emphasis on food prices and greenhouse gas reductions, then we would transition away from current feedstocks toward those that do not reduce our ability to produce food. Examples of such feedstocks include crop residues, algae, municipal waste, jatropha grown on degraded land, and by-products of edible oil production. Policy options that would encourage use of these alternative feedstocks include placing a hard cap on ethanol and biodiesel production that comes from corn and refined vegetable oil, thereby forcing growth in biofuel production to come from alternative feedstocks; differentiation of tax credits and subsidies so that the alternative feedstocks receive a higher incentive than do corn and refined vegetable oil; and greatly increased funding for research to hasten the feasibility of producing and refining alternative feedstocks.

Edition Notes

  The high‐profile expansion of ethanol production in the United States and Brazil, in tandem with a global price spike in food and commodities in –, led many to contend that a causal relationship exists between biofuels expansion and food insecurity (e.g., Mitchell, ; Tenenbaum, ; Wenzlau, ).Cited by: Breaking the link between food and biofuels / Production of biofuels from feedstocks that are diverted from food production or that are grown on land that could grow crops has two important drawbacks: higher food prices and decreased reduction in Contributor: Babcock, Bruce A. Crop-based biofuels – facts and figures about investments and food-based biofuels i n t h e R e newable Energy Directive by the year therefore gives ample time for the industry to adapt and shift to advanced fuels and waste feedstocks. payback period of between 5 to 10 years.   A common algae commercially grown to make fish food holds promise as a source for both biodiesel and jet fuel, according to a new study published in the journal Energy & Fuels.

Fuel groups must have 4% biofuels in annual sales. Mon, Nov 9, , The basis for the direct link between food shortages and biofuels has since been questioned in some : Harry Mcgee.   Questioning the Relationship Between Biofuels and Food Costs Posted on Ap by pwintersatbiodotorg A new study released by Texas A&M’s Agricultural and Food Policy Center undermines one of the key assumptions used in the studies . The 21 chapters of this book offer state-of-the-art reviews, current research, and technology developments with respect to first-, second-, and third-generation biofuels and bioenergy. The book focuses on the biological/biochemical pathway, as this option has been reported to be the most cost-effective method for biofuel/bioenergy production. 10 Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States TABLE U.S. Production of Biofuels from Various Feedstocks in Fuel Feedstock U.S. Production in Ethanol Corn billion gallons Sorghum Less than million gallons Cane sugar No production ( million gallons imported from Brazil and Caribbean countries.

What Sets Us Apart. Chambers USA noted we have a “stellar bankruptcy and restructuring team handling the full range of issues including Chapter 11 and Chapter 15 matters, as well as related bankruptcy litigation. Maintains a specialty practice advising maritime and transportation clients, and possesses significant knowledge of complex financing transactions.”. Many populations depend on cassava for food. According to today’s New York Times, cassava is the new “go to” crop to burn for fuel. Doing this, of course, prices cassava beyond what people can afford: It can be tricky predicting how new demand from the biofuel sector will affect the supply and price of food. There is a close link between the interests of agribusiness and those of national governments. The food crisis demonstrated that many countries were ill-prepared for price rises. In response a number of countries have begun to protect their interests by securing food elsewhere. The diesel engine, invented by German engineer Rudolf Diesel in , was first made to run on peanut oil. In the early s, Henry Ford designed one of his very first vehicles to run on ethanol.

Breaking the link between food and biofuels by Bruce A. Babcock Download PDF EPUB FB2

Breaking the Link between Food and Biofuels. the large scale production of corn ethanol has created a firm link between agricultural markets and the energy sector.

This chapter is part of. This article discusses the link between the rise in food prices and the use of crops that could have instead been used to produce food rather than biofuel.

It is argued that for maize and oilseeds, a link certainly exists. Data shows that the share of the U.S. maize crop that is consumed by the ethanol industry has grown from around 5% to more than 25% in 10 by: Downloadable.

Production of biofuels from feedstocks that are diverted from food production or that are grown on land that could grow crops has two important drawbacks: higher food prices and decreased reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.

If U.S. policy were to change and place greater emphasis on food prices and greenhouse gas reductions, then we would transition away from current. Breaking the Link between Food and Biofuels / 3 higher crude oil prices are with us to stay, then in the long run, biofuel feedstock prices will largely be determined by oil prices, regardless of whether current biofuel production and consumption subsidies and mandates stay in place (Elobeid et al.).

There is a danger that food riots could spread across the world, even to rich countries. People would have cheaper fuel for their cars but more expensive food on store shelves. This would greatly increase the gap between the haves and have-nots.

In Octobera United Nations spokesperson called biofuels a "crime against humanity". Microalgae are one of the most studied potential sources of biofuels and bioenergy. This book covers the key steps in the production of renewable biofuels from microalgae - strain selection, culture systems, inorganic carbon utilisation, lipid metabolism and quality, hydrogen production, genetic engineering, biomass harvesting, extraction.

Its food import bill has risen, often meaning higher national and local prices – a disastrous situation when most rural and urban poor are net buyers of food. But the drive for more biofuels to. Breaking News English 2, Free English News Lessons in 7 Levels. 1, Ideas e-Book.

4, More Lessons. Latest News Lessons - O pieces of stolen artwork found. 11th May - "Easier" Police from around the world have worked together to find lots of missing art. Examining the relationship between biofuels and food security, this book presents an economic analysis of the competition between biofuels and food.

It covers the historical and current situation of biofuels and food security in Brazil, China, Japan, USA, EU, Thailand, India. This book gives a broad overview of the key topics in this field of study, approaching them from a technical and economic angle giving the reader a comprehensive insight into biofuels as a whole.

Dealing specifically with liquid and gaseous biofuels that can be produced from renewable resources this text also gives a summary of the past, present and future production technologies and Reviews: 1. Handbook of Biofuels Production, Second Edition. discusses advanced chemical, biochemical, and thermochemical biofuels production routes that are fast being developed to address the global increase in energy usage.

Research and development in this field is aimed at improving the quality and environmental impact of biofuels production, as well as the overall efficiency and output of biofuels.

This book gives a broad overview of the key topics in this field of study, approaching them from a technical and economic angle giving the reader a comprehensive insight into biofuels as a whole. Dealing specifically with liquid and gaseous biofuels that can be produced from renewable resources this text also gives a summary of the past 5/5(1).

Annual global biomass production is about billion dry tons or 4, EJ, equivalent to times the world’s energy consumption in ( EJ). On the other hand, world-proven oil reserves at the end of reached Biofuels subsidies in developed countries tend to drive up food prices, thus reducing consumption and nutritional well-being for net buyers.

The higher prices for commodities resulting from biofuel feedstock production can mean higher incomes for some farmers in developing countries and better agricultural wages for laborers, although the. A review of the literature on biofuels and food security at a local level vi Table 1: Biofuels and household food security – potential pathways Biofuel plantation Biofuel outgrower scheme Availability A1.

Land to food crops is reduced, which leads to less food grown locally; may lead to higher food prices if. Although expanding demand for biofuels is only one of many factors underlying the recent price increases (see Chapter 4, page 41) the rapid growth in biofuel production will affect food security at the national and household levels mainly through its impact on food prices and income.

In terms of the four dimensions, the discussion focuses on. Biofuels: Fueling Hunger. Threats of Another Global Food Crisis. began with record-breaking food prices that.

experts warn could lead to another full-fledged global food crisis. The global food crisis brought impoverished people onto the streets when they couldn’t afford to buy staple foods like rice, wheat, corn and oil. Biofuels legislation published. The basis for the direct link between food shortages and biofuels has since been questioned in some quarters.

Breaking news app Our Apple and Android apps Author: Harry Mcgee. The EU's and the Brazilian delegates in Paris contested the link between biofuels and the world food crisis.

"This is highly exaggerated," said Sergio Serra, Brazil's ambassador for climate change. Biofuels: Food, Fuel, and the FUTURE. including: “Biofuels: The Current State-of-Play” a policy brief by C. Ford Runge, Robbin S. Johnson, and Calestous Juma. 5 | THE LITTLE BOOK OF BIOFUELS With the launch of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) inEurope’s demand for biofuels has skyrocketed.

To meet this. Given the technical community’s emphasis on breaking the causal link between plant-based liquid fuels and food insecurity, the agricultural ethics of biofuels must begin by demonstrating why this response fails to address the criticisms of biofuel development that were mounted in the food vs.

fuel debate. As noted above, the economic models Cited by: Generations First-generation biofuels "First-generation" or conventional biofuels are biofuels made from food crops grown on arable land.

With this biofuel production generation, food crops are thus explicitly grown for fuel production, and not anything sugar, starch, or vegetable oil obtained from the crops is converted into biodiesel or ethanol, using transesterification, or yeast.

As the oil prices go up, the production of biofuels out of agricultural products is more profitable and, therefore, there is a risk of the price of a raw material used for biofuel production to increase beyond the price offered by the food industry, then, this raw material will be converted into by: Biofuels currently provide about _____% of the energy used in the United States, more than any other type of renewable resource.

4 True or False: Any kind of organic material has the potential to be converted to liquid biofuel such as ethanol, or to a gaseous product known as biogas. In any event, with most biofuels you remove the energy and are still left with the food -- or "feed" more often (for livestock).

With ethanol the feed value is enhanced: the distillers dried grains by-product is more nutritious than the original unprocessed grain (because of the yeast). But the smart money is now on second generation biofuels - where a much wider range of substances, including manure, food waste, wood, straw and sewage, are broken down to create : Vikki Miller.

A fight's breaking out over who should pay subsidies for corn ethanol, and it is consumers who may end up paying for any changes. Millions of tonnes of food go into landfill each year. The food versus fuel argument calls into question the ethics of diverting land from food to energy production, and has two key facets: first, that demand for biofuels has an impact on food prices, which disproportionately affects poor people in the global South (e.g.

Monbiot,Monbiot,Monbiot,Brown,Gamborg et al., Cited by: In book: Biofuels, Land Grabbing and Food Secutity in Africa, Chapter: 8, Publisher: Zed Books, Editors: Prosper Matondi, Kjell Havnevik, Atakilte Beyene, pp Cite this publication Festus Author: Festus Boamah.

Second-generation biofuels are not being produced commercially anywhere today. They are made from non-edible feedstocks, which limit the direct food vs. fuel competition associated with most first-generation biofuels. Such feedstocks can be bred specifically for energy purposes, thereby enablingFile Size: KB.Biofuels: the promise and the risks 71 higher prices (chapter 2), and biofuels pro-duction will be moderated by lower profi ts because of higher feedstock prices.9 Rising agricultural crop prices from demand for biofuels have come to the forefront in the debate about the potential confl ict between food and fuel.

The grain. Just and Dusan Drabik of Wageningen University in the Netherlands to show how biofuel policies create a link between crop and biofuel prices, affecting agricultural producers and Author: Abigail Warren.